If you think that culture does not matter at all, look at differences among different ethnic groups within countries.' "South Korea/North Korea per capita income ratio:. 14 to 1 (Source: cia world Factbook) "American Asian/American black average household income ratio:.9. 1.9 to 1 (Source:. Census) "From a global standpoint, it sure looks like economic policy (a term I prefer to the vague 'institutions matters a lot more than culture." - bryan Caplan see: "where the mainstream development economists' writings drip with condescension for the apparently helpless poor, bauer's words. The inhabitants of the developing world are people, he reminded. They need freedom too." here. "The idea that foreign aid is a route out of poverty and political instability is not only bankrupted but a cruel and evil hoax as well." -.
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"It is no crime to be ignorant of economics, which list is, after essay all, a specialized discipline and one that most people consider to be a 'dismal science.' but it is totally irresponsible to have a loud and vociferous opinion on economic subjects while remaining. "Our supplies of natural resources are not finite in any economic sense. Nor does past experience give reason to expect natural resources to become more scarce. Rather, if history is any guide, natural resources will progressively become less costly, hence less scarce, and will constitute a smaller proportion of our expenses in future years." - julian Simon. "It is your mind that matters economically, as much or more than your mouth or hands. In the long run, the most important economic effect of population size and growth is the contribution of additional people to our stock of useful knowledge. And this contribution is large enough in the long run to overcome all the costs of population growth." - julian Simon. "Wealth may provoke envy, but it seldom provokes the truly venomous levels of resentment provoked by achievement. There is no surer way for a minority group to become hated than to enter a country as destitute immigrants and then, through long hours of hard work, rise to a level of prosperity above that of the indigenous population." -. "Those who say that all cultures are equal never explain why the results of those cultures are so grossly unequal." -. Thomas Sowell "Arnold writes: 'If you think that culture matters but institutions do not, look at North and south Korea.
"One of the most important reasons for studying history is that virtually every stupid idea that is in vogue today has been tried before and proved disastrous before, time and again." -. "The study of history is a powerful antidote to contemporary arrogance. It is humbling to discover how many of our glib assumptions, which seem to us noble and plausible, have been tested before, not once but many times and in innumerable guises; and discovered to be, din at great human cost, wholly false." - celebrated Historian paul. "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat." george santayana, the life of reason, 1906. "When Western countries in the past were as poor as Third World countries are today, these western countries nevertheless had one big advantage: There was no large and influential class of the intelligentsia to impede their progress with unsubstantiated theories and counterproductive propaganda." -. Thomas Sowell "There is no error so monstrous that it fails to find defenders among the ablest men." - prof. Acton "Incessant preoccupation with statistical disparities is one of the luxuries of an affluent and sheltered life. . do not expect someone who has ever had to go hungry to get upset because some people can only afford pizza while others can afford caviar." -. Thomas Sowell (who began life hungry).
Instead, 'incomes of the poor rise proportionately with average incomes'. Read the full report." - amit Varma "Socialism is an ideology. Capitalism is a natural phenomenon." - michael Rothschild "Capitalism is not an 'ism.' It is closer to being the opposite of an 'ism because it is simply the freedom of ordinary people to make whatever economic transactions they can mutually agree." -. Thomas Sowell pelleas "Any stray mediocrity rushes into print with plans to control the production of mankind - and. No one questions his right to enforce his plans by means of a gun." - ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged "Cuba's poverty is caused by the crackpot Marxist inventory doctrines imposed by its sociopathic ruler and promoted by half the liberal arts professors on American faculties.". "Bad and discredited ideas, it seems, never die. . neither do they fade away. . Instead, they keep turning up, like bad pennies or Godzilla in the old Japanese movies." - murray. Rothbard "Most elected officials cling to their ideological biases despite the real-world facts that disprove their theories time again." - larry kudlow.
De soto utterly rejected that patronizing viewpoint, and, beginning in his native peru, focused on the lack of formal property rights as the source of poverty in poor countries." - gene healy "The poor of India are far better off than they would have been. This is not because they have died of starvation, but because. 'the explosive growth of the middle class'. Free markets arent magic, and past inequities dont disappear as soon as the economy is opened up, but they are better than any alternative. One of the most pernicious myths of the last two centuries is of the unequal gains from capitalism. A landmark study titled 'Growth Is good for the poor by david Dollar and Aart Kraay, surveys available economic information from 137 countries, over four decades, and demolishes the myth of the 'trickle-down effect'. In an open economy, wealth does not trickle down gradually from the rich to the poor simultaneously.
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The British colonial government turned Hong Kong into an economic miracle by doing nothing." -. O'rourke in Eat the rich "In terms of natural resources, Africa is the world's richest continent. It has 50 percent of the world's gold, most of the world's diamonds and chromium, 90 percent of the cobalt, 40 percent of the world's potential hydroelectric power, 65 percent of the manganese, millions of acres of untilled farmland as well as other natural resources. . Despite the natural wealth, Africa is home to the world's most impoverished and abused people. Of the 41 black African nations, only three (Senegal, writing botswana and mauritius) allow their people the right to vote and choose their own leaders.
Only two (Botswana and Senegal) permit freedom of expression and criticism of government policies. In countries like uganda, rwanda, burundi, mozambique, sudan, Chad and others, ethnic genocide has taken the lives of untold millions of innocent victims. Slavery is still practiced in the sudan and mauritania." -. Williams "Another current catch-phrase is the complaint that the nations of the world are divided into 'haves' and the 'have-nots.' Observe that the 'haves' are those who have freedom, and that it is freedom that the 'have-nots' have not." - ayn Rand "What transformed the. It is, above all else, a system essay based on the noblest moral principle: the protection of the individual's right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Free markets are founded on the individual's right to pursue a career, trade the products of his effort, and enjoy the wealth he has earned without having to seek permission from others or pay ransom for the privilege of living." - robert. Tracinski "For years, statist development experts had sought top-down solutions, operating under the implicit assumption that poor people in the Third World were largely incapable of entrepreneurship.
Sadly, the largely middle-class Americans who trashed seattle last week had little if any comprehension of this fact." - barun Mitra, in a column in the wall Street journal 12-9-99. Mitra heads the The liberty Institute, in New Delhi, india "The 'progressive' left, even while wailing about international poverty, has long decried the westernization of the 'developing world the polite term for societies kept poor by socialist governments." - from The Free market means civilizatio. "The freer the market, the more prosperous the people. The more controlled the market, the more prosperous the politicians." - rick gaber "Fortunately, political freedom and economic progress are natural partners. . Despite capitalism's lingering reputation as the alleged source of all the world's evils, the fact remains that every single democracy is a capitalist country. .
Half a century of economic experimentation proved beyond doubt that tyranny cannot yield prosperity. Socialism collapsed because it is a policy of unrestrained intervention. . It tries to fix what is 'wrong' with the spontaneous, self-organizing phenomenon called capitalism. . But, of course, a natural process cannot be 'fixed.'. Socialism is an ideology. Capitalism is a natural phenomenon." - michael Rothschild in bionomics: Economy as Ecosystem "To get rich is glorious." - deng xiaoping, former "Communist" leader, peoples' republic of China, trying to encourage entrepreneurs after giving up on a totally centrally-controlled economy "Not understanding the process. Thomas Sowell, Professor Emeritus, Economics, Stanford University and The hoover Institution "The market is not an invention of capitalism. . It has existed for centuries. . It is an invention of civilization." - mikhail Gorbachev, june 8, 1990 "How a conflict-ridden, grossly over-populated place with no resources whatsoever gets rich is simple.
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Americans would be worse off today if Europe and Japan had stayed poor. Why isn't this still true? In my view: Nothing; it's still true. The faster India grows, the better off every other country will. I do not regard the prospect of global capitalism as 'harrowing.' I regard it as the best opportunity for relieving human misery the world has ever seen.", clive summary crook, deputy editor of, the Economist, in the february 25th, 1997 issue. Slate, in a letter to john Judis "I observed the talks and was shocked not only by the riotous atmosphere, but also by the protesters' misconceptions about trade, the wto and the developing world. As an Indian national, i know only too well writing how lack of trade, investment and freedom keeps the world's developing nations in a state of perpetual poverty and environmental degradation.
Brown "When government will expropriate any wealth that people create, the present value of future output can actually be less than the value of the country's tangible resources. The power of predatory government to destroy wealth is truly awesome.". Arnold Kling "look around: It just isn't true that countries get rich at each other's expense. Would America be better off now if Europe and Japan had stayed poor after 1945? Did its jobs migrate, its economy stagnate, leaving rising poverty and chronic unemployment? Not exactly: America thrived. One of the things that helped it after 1945 was expanding opportunities for trade with other rich countries.homework
on productivity, and productivity is expandable. . O'rourke in, eat the rich "of the vast increase in the well-being of hundreds of millions of people that has occurred in the 200-year course of the industrial revolution to date, virtually none of it can be attributed to the direct redistribution of resources from. The potential for improving the lives of poor people by finding different ways of distributing current production is nothing compared to the apparently limitless potential of increasing production.". Evidence abounds that the fundamental cause of Third World poverty is not First World greed. It is the economic, political and social obstacles that developing nations themselves raise to progress by their aspiring poor. ", katherine kersten in the, minnesota Star Tribune, march 20, 1996 "The trade barriers at the borders of the rich world may have disappeared, but if a banana picker in the central African Republic wants to sell his bananas abroad he first has to get. That takes 116 days, and an incredible 38 signatures - each one an opportunity for some official to collect a bribe.", tim Harford, The new York times "Despite the head-shaking of the foes of free trade, it does seem that the ability to actually sell.
Share this to help a friend do better in ielts! "Wealth, when you get right down to it, is not the cause of poverty.". Pearlstein, paraphrasing george gilder "Ultimately it is only wealth that can reduce poverty." - thomas Sowell "If we want the whole world to be rich, we need to start loving universities wealth. In the difference between poverty and plenty, the problem is the poverty and not the difference. Wealth is not a world-wide round-robin of purse snatching, and. The thing that makes you rich doesn't make me poor. Without Productivity, there wouldn't be any economics, or any economic thinking, good or bad, or any pizza, or anything else. .
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If you have no idea what an ielts essay looks like or need to improve your writing skills youre in the right place. I add new essays almost every day subscribe advantages and get them seconds after theyve been published. Here you will find, ielts writing samples (essays, letters, reports written by students and graded by an ielts teacher. Every task is checked, marked, has comments and suggestions. Hold the mouse over to see suggested corrections. The teachers summary is at the bottom of each essay. Note: the tasks are checked by an ielts teacher, not an ielts examiner or examiner trainer. All the bands are approximate.