Select useful"s that you may want to include in your review. Important : If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the" when you write your review (as direct"s must always be accompanied by page references). To ensure that you have"d accurately (and to save time in note taking if you are accessing the article in a format that allows this, you can copy and paste using your computer "edit - copy - paste" functions. Note: although you may collect a large number of"s during the note taking phase of your review, when you write the review, use"s very sparingly. The rule i follow is to" only when some key meaning would be lost in translation if I were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that i am making. Note emphases, strengths weaknesses: Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths.
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You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later. Group the articles into categories (e.g. Into topics and subtopics and chronologically within each subtopic). Once again, it's useful to enter this information into your RefWorks record. You can record the topics in the same box as before (User 1) or use User 2 box for the topic(s) under which you have chosen to place this article. Take notes : Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles (as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. You can also do this using a word Processor, or a concept mapping program like inspiration ( free 30 trial download a data base program (e.g. Access or File maker Pro in an Excel spreadsheet, or the "old-fashioned" way of using note cards. Be consistent valet in how you record notes. Define key terms: look for differences in the way keys terms are defined (note these differences). Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review.
Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen (remember: this is merely an introductory literature review for Educ 7001). It is a good idea, as part of your drinking literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic. As part of your search, be sure to identify landmark or classic studies and theorists as these provide you with a framework/context for your study. Import your references into your RefWorks account (see: Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases). You can also enter references manually into refWorks if you need. Step 4: Analyze the literature, once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: overview the articles : skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content. Tip: as you skim the articles, you may want to record the notes that you take on each directly into refWorks in the box for User.
Step 2: Decide on a topic. It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final. Project, or is in some way related to the topic of your final project. However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Step 3: Identify the literature that you will review : Familiarize yourself with online databases (see umd filsafat library resource links below for help with this identifying relevant databases in your field of study. Using relevant databases, search for literature sources using google Scholar and also searching using Furl (search all sources, including the furl accounts of other Furl members). Some tips for identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search : Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in this field. You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. Redefine your topic if needed: as you search you will quickly find out if the topic that you are reviewing is too broad.
I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review. In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, i also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these. Write a literature review: University of California, santa Cruz university library). Information Fluency - literature review: Washington lee university, how to do a literature review? North Carolina a t state University. Selected Links to resources on Writing a literature review. Step 1: review apa guidelines, read through the links provided below on apa guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in apa style: in particular, pay attention to general document guidelines (e.g. Font, margins, spacing title page, abstract, body, text citations,"tions.
Literature, review, essay - 2945 Words
Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences (3rd.). Glendale, ca: Pyrczak publishing. What is a literature review? A literature review is not an annotated bibliography in which you thesis summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed. While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature.
It focuses on a specific topic of interest to you and includes a critical analysis of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work. It may be written as a stand-alone paper or to provide a theoretical framework and rationale for a research study (such as a thesis or dissertation). Step-by-step guide, these guidelines are adapted primarily from Galvan (2006). Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that is very useful to use as you write your review. I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in suggesting different technology tools that you might want to consider in helping you organize your review. In the sections from Step 6-9 what I have included is the outline of those steps exactly as described by galvan.
Helpful documents: making Effective comments on peer reviews peer review Form Responding as Group to a peer reviews. Prepare the final Draft: Carefully proof-read your final draft to make sure its as well done as possible. Double check that you've properly cited all your sources in the text and in the literature cited. Check the formatting one last time. The instructors love to give full credit for format issues whenever possible, but will not hesitate to take points off for sloppy work.
Top of page modified gja copyright 2015 Department of biology, bates College, lewiston, me 04240. Have you written a stellar literature review you care to share for teaching purposes? Are you an instructor who has received an exemplary literature review and have permission from the student to post? Please contact Britt McGowan at for inclusion in this guide. All disciplines welcome and encouraged. Guidelines for writing a literature review "How to" guideline series is coordinated by helen Mongan-Rallis of the Education Department at the University of Minnesota duluth. If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions to improve these guidelines please me at e-mail. Last updated: April 19, 2018. Note: For these guidelines, in some sections I have"d directly some of the the steps from: Galvan,.
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Go back over your paper now and read it carefully; read it aloud. Does it say what you wanted it to say? Do any ideas, experiments, or pdf interpretations need to be moved around within the text to enhance the logical flow of your arguments? Can you shorten long sentences to clarify them? Can you change passive verbs to active forms? Do the tables and Figures have sufficient information to stand alone outside the context of the paper? Use your dictionary to correct spelling and your spell checker to catch typos. Peer review: have knowledgeable colleagues critique your paper. Use their comments to revise your paper yet again.
Write the discussion : Interpretation of your results includes discussing how your results modify and fit in with what we previously understood about the problem. Review the literature again at this time. After completing the experiments you will have much greater insight personal into the subject, and by going through some of the literature again, information that seemed trivial before, or was overlooked, may tie something together and therefore prove very important to your own interpretation. Be sure to cite the works that you refer. Top of page. Write the Abstract and Title: The Abstract is always the last section written because it is a concise summary of the entire paper and should include a clear statement of your aims, a brief description of the methods, the key findings, and your interpretation. The title will probably be written earlier, but is often modified once the final form of the paper clearly known. Self-revise your Paper: Most authors revise their paper s at least 2-3x before giving it out for peer review.
out their Tables and Figures upon completion of the data analysis before writing the results section. Write the table and Figure legends. It is good practice to note the one or two key results that each Table or Figure conveys and use this information as a basis for writing the results section. Sequence and number the tables and Figures in the order which best enables the reader to reach your conclusions. Write the results Section: Remember that the results section has both text and illustrative materials ( Tables and Figures ). Use the text component to guide the reader through your key results,. E., those results which answer the question(s) you investigated. Each Table and Figure must be referenced in the text portion of the results, and you must tell the reader what the key result(s) is that each Table or Figure conveys.
Training in on-line searches is available from the reference librarians. Do your search early enough to take advantage of the. Interlibrary loan System if need. Write the Introduction: Once your hypothesis has been refined for testing, you will draft the. Introduction to your paper. In pi courses you will bring a draft of the Introduction to lab the day of the experiment for critique by an instructor or twa (Technical Writing Assistant). Design and inventory Conduct the Experiment: keep careful notes on procedures used during the experiment. You should write the. Materials and Methods section upon completion of the experiment.
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Table of Contents, pdf version, get Organized, literature review. Introduction, design and Methods, analyze your Data, results. Discussion, abstract and Title, self-revise, peer review, prepare final Draft. Get Organized : Lists, outlines, notecards, etc. Before starting to write the paper, take the time to think about and develop a list of points to be made in the paper. As you progress, use whichever strategy works for you to begin to order and to organize those points and ideas into sections. Balanced review of the Primary research Literature : do an in-depth, balanced review of the primary research literature relevant to your study questions prior to designing and carrying out the experiments. This review will help you learn what is known about the topic you are investigating and may let you avoid unnecessarily repeating work done by others. This literature will form the basis of your.