Essay astana

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essay astana

Essay about, astana, city - 699 Words

Another record achieved that year was that Armstrong completed the tour at the highest pace in the race's history: his average speed over the whole tour was.7 km/h (26 mph). 45 In 2005, Armstrong announced he would retire after the 2005 tour de France. 46 Comeback Astana Pro team: 2009 see also: 2009 Astana season Armstrong announced on September 9, 2008, that he would return to pro cycling with the express goal of participating in the 2009 tour de France. 47 48 VeloNews reported that Armstrong would race for no salary or bonuses and would post his internally tested blood results online. 48 Australian abc radio reported on September 24, 2008, that Armstrong would compete in the uci tour Down Under through Adelaide and surrounding areas in January 2009. Uci rules say a cyclist has to be in an anti-doping program for six months before an event, but uci allowed Armstrong to compete. 49 he had to retire from the 2009 vuelta a castilla y león during the first stage after crashing in a rider pileup in Baltanás, spain, and breaking his collarbone.

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Armstrong won a personal-best five individual stages, plus the team time trial. He became the first biker since gino bartali in essay 1948 to win three consecutive mountain stages; 15, 16, and. The individual time trial on stage 16 up Alpe d'huez was won in style by Armstrong as he passed ivan Basso on the way despite having set out two minutes after the Italian. He won sprint finishes from Basso in stages 13 and 15 and made up a significant gap in the last 250 m to nip Klöden at the line in stage. He won the final individual time trial, stage 19, to complete his personal record of stage wins. 44 In 2005, Armstrong was beaten by American david Zabriskie in the stage 1 time trial by two seconds, despite having passed Ullrich on the road. His Discovery Channel team won the team time trial, while Armstrong won the final individual time trial. In the mountain stages, Armstrong's lead was attacked multiple writing times mostly by ivan Basso, but also by t-mobile leaders Jan Ullrich, Andreas Kloden and Alexandre vinokourov and former teammate levi leipheimer. But still, the American champion handled them well, maintained his lead and, on some occasions, increased. To complete his record-breaking feat, he crossed the line on the Champs-Élysées on July 24 to win his seventh consecutive tour, finishing 4 m 40s ahead of Basso, with Ullrich third.

In 2001, Armstrong again took top honors, beating Ullrich by 6 minutes 44 seconds. In 2002, Ullrich did not participate due to suspension, and Armstrong won by seven minutes over Joseba beloki. 42 The pattern returned in 2003, Armstrong taking first place and Ullrich second. Only a minute and a second separated the two at the end of the final day in Paris. Postal won the team time trial on stage four, while Armstrong took stage 15, despite having been knocked off on the ascent to luz ardiden, the final climb, when a spectator's bag caught his right handlebar. Ullrich waited for him, which brought Ullrich fair-play honors. 43 In 2004, Armstrong finished first, 6 minutes 19 seconds ahead of German Andreas Klöden. Ullrich was fourth, a further 2 minutes 31 seconds behind.

essay astana

Astana, kazakhstan - the capital of kazakhstan: guide, hotels and tours

Armstrong's paper cycling comeback began in 1998 when he finished fourth in the vuelta a españa. In 1999 he won the tour de France, including four stages. He beat the second place rider, Alex Zülle, by 7 minutes 37 seconds. However, the absence of Jan Ullrich (injury) red and Marco pantani (drug allegations) meant Armstrong had not yet proven himself against the biggest names in the sport. Stage wins included the prologue, stage eight, an individual time trial in Metz, an Alpine stage on stage nine, and the second individual time trial on stage. 41 In 2000, Ullrich and Pantani returned to challenge Armstrong. The race began a six-year rivalry between Ullrich and Armstrong and ended in victory for Armstrong by 6 minutes 2 seconds over Ullrich. Armstrong took one stage in the 2000 tour, the second individual time trial on stage.

Armstrong's final chemotherapy treatment took place on December 13, 1996. In February 1997, he was declared cancer-free. Shortly afterward he was told that his contract with the cofidis team had been cancelled. A former boss at Subaru montgomery offered him a contract with the us postal team at a salary of 200,000 a year. By january 1998, Armstrong was engaged in serious training for racing, moving to europe with the team. Us postal/Discovery: Before his cancer treatment, Armstrong had participated in four tour de France races, winning two stages. In 1993, he won the eighth stage and in 1995; he took stage 18 which he dedicated to teammate fabio casartelli who had crashed and died on stage. Armstrong dropped out of the 1996 tour after the fifth stage after becoming ill, a few months before his diagnosis.

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32 Asked in a later interview what he thought Armstrong's chances of survival were, reeves said "Almost none. We told Lance initially 20 to 50 chance, mainly to give him hope. But with the kind of cancer he had, with the x-rays, the blood tests, almost no hope." 31 32 After receiving a letter from Steven Wolff, an oncologist at Vanderbilt University, 33 Armstrong went to the Indiana University medical center in Indianapolis and natalie decided. The standard treatment for Armstrong's cancer was a "cocktail" of the drugs bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (or Platinol ) (BEP). The first chemotherapy cycle that Armstrong underwent included bep, but for the three remaining cycles, he was given an alternative, vinblastine etoposide, ifosfamide, and cisplatin (vip to avoid lung toxicity associated with bleomycin.

Armstrong credited this with saving his cycling career. 36 At Indiana University, lawrence einhorn had pioneered the use of cisplatin to treat testicular cancer. Armstrong's primary oncologist there was Craig Nichols. On October 25, his brain lesions which were found to contain extensive necrosis, were surgically removed by Scott. Shapiro, 39 a professor of neurosurgery at Indiana University.

He won the Clásica de san Sebastián in 1995, followed by an overall victory in the penultimate tour dupont and a handful of stage victories in Europe, including the stage to limoges in the tour de France, three days after the death of his teammate. 26 After winning the stage, armstrong pointed to the sky in honor of Casartelli. 27 Armstrong's successes were much the same in 1996. He became the first American to win the la flèche wallonne and again won the tour dupont. However, he was able to compete for only five days in the tour de France.


In the 1996 Olympic Games, he finished 6th in the time trial and 12th in the road race. 28 In August 1996 following the leeds Classic, armstrong signed a 2-year, 2m deal with the French Cofidis Cycling team. Joining him in signing contracts with the French team were teammates Frankie andreu and laurent Madouas. Two months later, in October 1996, he was diagnosed with advanced testicular cancer. Cancer diagnosis, treatment and recovery On October 2, 1996, at age 25, Armstrong was diagnosed with stage three (advanced) testicular cancer ( embryonal carcinoma ). 29 The cancer had spread to his brain, lungs and abdomen. 30 he visited urologist Jim reeves in Austin, texas for diagnosis of his symptoms, including coughing up blood and a swollen testicle. 31 On October 3, Armstrong had an orchiectomy to remove the diseased testicle.

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At 16, lance Armstrong became a professional triathlete and became national sprint-course triathlon champion in 19t 18 and 19, respectively. 24 Motorola: 199296 In 1992 Armstrong turned professional with the motorola cycling team, the successor of 7-Eleven team. In 1993, Armstrong won 10 one-day events and stage races, but his breakthrough victory was the world road Race Championship held in Norway. Before his World Championships win, he took his first win at the tour de France, in the stage from Châlons-sur-Marne to verdun. He was 97th in the general classification when he retired after stage. He collected the Thrift Drug Triple Crown of Cycling: the Thrift Drug Classic in Pittsburgh, the k-mart West Virginia classic, and the coreStates uspro national championship in Philadelphia. He is alleged by another cyclist competing in the coreStates road Race to have bribed that umum cyclist so that he would not compete with Armstrong for the win. 25 In 1994, he again won the Thrift Drug Classic and came second in the tour dupont in the United States. His successes in Europe occurred when he placed second in liègeBastogneliège and the Clásica de san Sebastián, where just two years before, he had finished in last place as his first all-pro event in Europe.

essay astana

21 he was named after Lance rentzel, a dallas Cowboys wide receiver. His parents divorced in 1973 when Lance was two. The next year, his mother married Terry keith Armstrong, a wholesale salesman, who adopted Lance that year. Eddie gunderson died in 2012. 22 Career Early career At the age of 12, Armstrong started his sporting career as a swimmer at the city of Plano Swim Club and finished fourth in Texas state 1,500-meter freestyle. He stopped swimming-only races after seeing a poster for a junior triathlon, called the Iron Kids Triathlon, which he won at age. 1988 Tri-fed/Texas Tri-fed" was the former name of usa triathlon armstrong was ranked the number-one triathlete in the 19-and-under group; second place was Chann Mcrae, who became a us postal Service cycling teammate and the 2002 uspro national champion. Armstrong's total points in 1987 as an amateur were better than those of five professionals ranked higher than he was that year.

interview, Armstrong confessed that some of the allegations were true. 13 15 he declined to testify about the full extent of his use of the drugs. 16 In the aftermath of his fall from grace, a cnn article wrote that "The epic downfall of cycling's star, once an idolized icon of millions around the globe, stands out in the history of professional sports." interview with bbc news, armstrong stated that. 18 19 In April 2018 Armstrong settled a civil lawsuit with the United States Department of Justice and agreed to pay us5 million to the. Government after whistleblower proceedings were commenced by Floyd Landis, a former team member. It was alleged that Armstrong violated his contract with the United States Postal Service and committed fraud when he denied using performance-enhancing drugs. Contents Early life Armstrong was born Lance Edward Gunderson on September 18, 1971, at Methodist Hospital in Plano, texas, north of Dallas 20 to linda gayle (née mooneyham a secretary, and Eddie charles Gunderson, a route manager for The dallas Morning News. His great-grandfather was the son of Norwegian immigrants.

Us postal/Discovery team between 19, when he won his tour de France titles, as well as a bronze medal in the 2000 Summer Olympics. Armstrong retired from racing at the end of the 2005 tour de France, but returned to competitive cycling with the Astana team in January 2009, finishing third in the 2009 tour de France later that year. Between 20, he raced with. Team Radio shack, the, uci proteam he helped found. He retired for a second time in 2011. Armstrong had been the subject of doping allegations ever since winning the 1999 tour de France. In 2012, a united States Anti-doping Agency (usada) investigation concluded that Armstrong had used performance-enhancing drugs over the course of his career true 5 and named him as the ringleader of "the most sophisticated, professionalized and successful doping program that sport has ever seen." 6 Armstrong. 7 As a result, he was stripped of all of his achievements from August 1998 onward, including his seven tour de France titles. He also received a lifetime ban from all sports that follow the world Anti-doping Code —ending his competitive career.

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For the australian politician, see, lance Armstrong (politician). Lance Edward Armstrong (born, lance Edward Gunderson 4 on September 18, 1971) is a former American professional road racing cyclist. At age 16, Armstrong began competing as a triathlete and was a national sprint-course triathlon champion in 19In 1992, Armstrong began his career as a professional cyclist with the. He had notable success between 19 with the. World Championship in 1993, the, clásica de san Sebastián in 1995, tour dupont in 19, and a handful of stage victories in Europe, including stage tour de France and stage tour de France. In 1996, he was diagnosed with a potentially fatal metastatic testicular cancer. After his recovery, he founded the lance Armstrong foundation (now the. Livestrong foundation ) to assist other cancer survivors. Returning to cycling in 1998, he was a member of the.


Essay astana
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Paper 2: Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Process to impeach the Chief Justice of India. Context: The congress and six other opposition parties have moved a notice for the impeachment of Chief Justice of India (CJI) Dipak misra, accusing him of misbehaviour and misusing authority.

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